Costs and Competencies: The Relations Among Psychosocial Costs of Racism to Whites and Multicultural Counseling Competencies
This study examined the relations among psychosocial costs of racism to Whites and multicultural counseling competence (MCC) among applied psychology trainees. For the purposes of this investigation, psychosocial costs of racism to Whites were defined as the varied dimensions of the negative consequences faced by White individuals as a result of benefiting from racism (Spanierman & Heppner, 2004). Participants consisted of 40 self-identified White/European-American individuals either enrolled in or recent graduates of applied psychology graduate programs across the United States, the majority whom were studying counseling psychology. Our findings showed that, contrary to the literature, social desirability was only associated with MCCA regarding treatment. Findings suggested that White guilt was a significant predictor of multicultural case conceptualization with regard to etiology over and above MCKAS-Knowledge. Additionally, analyses suggested White Fear of Others was a significant predictor of MCKAS-Knowledge over and above multicultural workshops and multicultural courses.
Lisa B. Spanierman
Department of Research Advisor:
Year of Publication: